The Office of Families and Children is responsible for state level administration and oversight of programs that prevent child abuse and neglect; provide services to abused/neglected children and their families (birth, foster and adoptive); license foster homes and residential facilities; and investigate allegations of child abuse neglect and exploitation.

Ohio operates in a state supervised, county administered system; therefore, the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services, through the Office of Families and Children, oversees program implementation by developing policies and procedures to guide county agencies in program and service delivery. The Office of Families and Children provides technical assistance to county agencies and monitors program implementation for compliance with federal and state laws, rules and policies.